» Alicloud Image Builder

Type: alicloud-ecs

The alicloud-ecs Packer builder plugin provide the capability to build customized images based on an existing base images.

» Configuration Reference

The following configuration options are available for building Alicloud images. In addition to the options listed here, a communicator can be configured for this builder.

» Required:

  • access_key (string) - This is the Alicloud access key. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the ALICLOUD_ACCESS_KEY environment variable.

  • secret_key (string) - This is the Alicloud secret key. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the ALICLOUD_SECRET_KEY environment variable.

  • region (string) - This is the Alicloud region. It must be provided, but it can also be sourced from the ALICLOUD_REGION environment variables.

  • image_name (string) - The name of the user-defined image, [2, 128] English or Chinese characters. It must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or a Chinese character, and may contain numbers, _ or -. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

» Optional:

  • skip_region_validation (bool) - The region validation can be skipped if this value is true, the default value is false.

  • security_token (string) - STS access token, can be set through template or by exporting as environment variable such as export SECURITY_TOKEN=value.

  • disk_name (string) - The value of disk name is blank by default. [2, 128] English or Chinese characters, must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or Chinese character. Can contain numbers, ., _ and -. The disk name will appear on the console. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

  • disk_category (string) - Category of the system disk. Optional values are: - cloud - general cloud disk - cloud_efficiency - efficiency cloud disk - cloud_ssd - cloud SSD

  • disk_size (int) - Size of the system disk, measured in GiB. Value range: [20, 500]. The specified value must be equal to or greater than max{20, ImageSize}. Default value: max{40, ImageSize}.

  • disk_snapshot_id (string) - Snapshots are used to create the data disk After this parameter is specified, Size is ignored. The actual size of the created disk is the size of the specified snapshot.

  • disk_description (string) - The value of disk description is blank by default. [2, 256] characters. The disk description will appear on the console. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

  • disk_delete_with_instance (bool) - Whether or not the disk is released along with the instance:

  • disk_device (string) - Device information of the related instance: such as /dev/xvdb It is null unless the Status is In_use.

  • disk_encrypted (config.Trilean) - Whether or not to encrypt the data disk. If this option is set to true, the data disk will be encryped and corresponding snapshot in the target image will also be encrypted. By default, if this is an extra data disk, Packer will not encrypt the data disk. Otherwise, Packer will keep the encryption setting to what it was in the source image. Please refer to Introduction of ECS disk encryption for more details.

  • system_disk_mapping (AlicloudDiskDevice) - Image disk mapping for system disk.

    • disk_category (string) - Category of the system disk. Optional values are: - cloud - general cloud disk - cloud_efficiency - efficiency cloud disk - cloud_ssd - cloud SSD

      For phased-out instance types and non-I/O optimized instances, the
      default value is cloud. Otherwise, the default value is
      cloud_efficiency.
      
    • disk_description (string) - The value of disk description is blank by default. [2, 256] characters. The disk description will appear on the console. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

    • disk_name (string) - The value of disk name is blank by default. [2, 128] English or Chinese characters, must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or Chinese character. Can contain numbers, ., _ and -. The disk name will appear on the console. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

    • disk_size (number) - Size of the system disk, measured in GiB. Value range: [20, 500]. The specified value must be equal to or greater than max{20, ImageSize}. Default value: max{40, ImageSize}.

  • image_disk_mappings ([]AlicloudDiskDevice) - Add one or more data disks to the image.

    • disk_category (string) - Category of the data disk. Optional values are:

      • cloud - general cloud disk
      • cloud_efficiency - efficiency cloud disk
      • cloud_ssd - cloud SSD

      Default value: cloud.

    • disk_delete_with_instance (boolean) - Whether or not the disk is released along with the instance:

      • True indicates that when the instance is released, this disk will be released with it
      • False indicates that when the instance is released, this disk will be retained.

    • disk_description (string) - The value of disk description is blank by default. [2, 256] characters. The disk description will appear on the console. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

    • disk_device (string) - Device information of the related instance: such as /dev/xvdb It is null unless the Status is In_use.

    • disk_name (string) - The value of disk name is blank by default. [2, 128] English or Chinese characters, must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or Chinese character. Can contain numbers, ., _ and -. The disk name will appear on the console. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

    • disk_size (number) - Size of the data disk, in GB, values range:

      • cloud - 5 ~ 2000
      • cloud_efficiency - 20 ~ 2048
      • cloud_ssd - 20 ~ 2048

      The value should be equal to or greater than the size of the specific SnapshotId.

    • disk_snapshot_id (string) - Snapshots are used to create the data disk After this parameter is specified, Size is ignored. The actual size of the created disk is the size of the specified snapshot.

      Snapshots from on or before July 15, 2013 cannot be used to create a disk.

    • disk_encrypted (boolean) - Whether or not to encrypt the data disk. If this option is set to true, the data disk will be encryped and corresponding snapshot in the target image will also be encrypted. By default, if this is an extra data disk, Packer will not encrypt the data disk. Otherwise, Packer will keep the encryption setting to what it was in the source image. Please refer to Introduction of ECS disk encryption for more details.

  • associate_public_ip_address (bool) - Associate Public Ip Address
  • zone_id (string) - ID of the zone to which the disk belongs.

  • io_optimized (config.Trilean) - Whether an ECS instance is I/O optimized or not. If this option is not provided, the value will be determined by product API according to what instance_type is used.

  • description (string) - Description

  • force_stop_instance (bool) - Whether to force shutdown upon device restart. The default value is false.

    If it is set to false, the system is shut down normally; if it is set to true, the system is forced to shut down.

  • disable_stop_instance (bool) - If this option is set to true, Packer will not stop the instance for you, and you need to make sure the instance will be stopped in the final provisioner command. Otherwise, Packer will timeout while waiting the instance to be stopped. This option is provided for some specific scenarios that you want to stop the instance by yourself. E.g., Sysprep a windows which may shutdown the instance within its command. The default value is false.

  • security_group_id (string) - ID of the security group to which a newly created instance belongs. Mutual access is allowed between instances in one security group. If not specified, the newly created instance will be added to the default security group. If the default group doesn’t exist, or the number of instances in it has reached the maximum limit, a new security group will be created automatically.

  • security_group_name (string) - The security group name. The default value is blank. [2, 128] English or Chinese characters, must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or Chinese character. Can contain numbers, ., _ or -. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

  • user_data (string) - User data to apply when launching the instance. Note that you need to be careful about escaping characters due to the templates being JSON. It is often more convenient to use user_data_file, instead. Packer will not automatically wait for a user script to finish before shutting down the instance this must be handled in a provisioner.

  • user_data_file (string) - Path to a file that will be used for the user data when launching the instance.

  • vpc_id (string) - VPC ID allocated by the system.

  • vpc_name (string) - The VPC name. The default value is blank. [2, 128] English or Chinese characters, must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or Chinese character. Can contain numbers, _ and -. The disk description will appear on the console. Cannot begin with http:// or https://.

  • vpc_cidr_block (string) - Value options: 192.168.0.0/16 and 172.16.0.0/16. When not specified, the default value is 172.16.0.0/16.

  • vswitch_id (string) - The ID of the VSwitch to be used.

  • vswitch_name (string) - The ID of the VSwitch to be used.

  • instance_name (string) - Display name of the instance, which is a string of 2 to 128 Chinese or English characters. It must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or a Chinese character and can contain numerals, ., _, or -. The instance name is displayed on the Alibaba Cloud console. If this parameter is not specified, the default value is InstanceId of the instance. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

  • internet_charge_type (string) - Internet charge type, which can be PayByTraffic or PayByBandwidth. Optional values:

    • PayByBandwidth
    • PayByTraffic

    If this parameter is not specified, the default value is PayByBandwidth. For the regions out of China, currently only support PayByTraffic, you must set it manfully.

  • internet_max_bandwidth_out (int) - Maximum outgoing bandwidth to the public network, measured in Mbps (Mega bits per second).

    Value range:

    • PayByBandwidth: [0, 100]. If this parameter is not specified, API automatically sets it to 0 Mbps.
    • PayByTraffic: [1, 100]. If this parameter is not specified, an error is returned.

  • wait_snapshot_ready_timeout (int) - Timeout of creating snapshot(s). The default timeout is 3600 seconds if this option is not set or is set to 0. For those disks containing lots of data, it may require a higher timeout value.

  • ssh_private_ip (bool) - If this value is true, packer will connect to the ECS created through private ip instead of allocating a public ip or an EIP. The default value is false.

  • image_version (string) - The version number of the image, with a length limit of 1 to 40 English characters.

  • image_description (string) - The description of the image, with a length limit of 0 to 256 characters. Leaving it blank means null, which is the default value. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

  • image_share_account ([]string) - The IDs of to-be-added Aliyun accounts to which the image is shared. The number of accounts is 1 to 10. If number of accounts is greater than 10, this parameter is ignored.

  • image_unshare_account ([]string) - Alicloud Image UN Share Accounts

  • image_copy_regions ([]string) - Copy to the destination regionIds.

  • image_copy_names ([]string) - The name of the destination image, [2, 128] English or Chinese characters. It must begin with an uppercase/lowercase letter or a Chinese character, and may contain numbers, _ or -. It cannot begin with http:// or https://.

  • image_encrypted (config.Trilean) - Whether or not to encrypt the target images, including those copied if image_copy_regions is specified. If this option is set to true, a temporary image will be created from the provisioned instance in the main region and an encrypted copy will be generated in the same region. By default, Packer will keep the encryption setting to what it was in the source image.

  • image_force_delete (bool) - If this value is true, when the target image names including those copied are duplicated with existing images, it will delete the existing images and then create the target images, otherwise, the creation will fail. The default value is false. Check image_name and image_copy_names options for names of target images. If -force option is provided in build command, this option can be omitted and taken as true.

  • image_force_delete_snapshots (bool) - If this value is true, when delete the duplicated existing images, the source snapshots of those images will be delete either. If -force option is provided in build command, this option can be omitted and taken as true.

  • image_force_delete_instances (bool) - Alicloud Image Force Delete Instances

  • image_ignore_data_disks (bool) - If this value is true, the image created will not include any snapshot of data disks. This option would be useful for any circumstance that default data disks with instance types are not concerned. The default value is false.

  • skip_region_validation (bool) - The region validation can be skipped if this value is true, the default value is false.

  • tags (map[string]string) - Tags applied to the destination image and relevant snapshots.

  • temporary_key_pair_name (string) - The name of the temporary key pair to generate. By default, Packer generates a name that looks like packer_<UUID>, where <UUID> is a 36 character unique identifier.

» Basic Example

Here is a basic example for Alicloud.

{
  "variables": {
    "access_key": "{{env `ALICLOUD_ACCESS_KEY`}}",
    "secret_key": "{{env `ALICLOUD_SECRET_KEY`}}"
  },
  "builders": [{
    "type":"alicloud-ecs",
    "access_key":"{{user `access_key`}}",
    "secret_key":"{{user `secret_key`}}",
    "region":"cn-beijing",
    "image_name":"packer_test2",
    "source_image":"centos_7_04_64_20G_alibase_201701015.vhd",
    "ssh_username":"root",
    "instance_type":"ecs.n1.tiny",
    "io_optimized":"true",
    "image_force_delete":"true"
  }],
  "provisioners": [{
    "type": "shell",
    "inline": [
      "sleep 30",
      "yum install redis.x86_64 -y"
    ]
  }]
}

See the examples/alicloud folder in the packer project for more examples.